Public Joint Stock Company Ilyushin Aviation Complex (also referred to as Ilyushin) was founded in 1933. It has become one of the leading aircraft engineering and construction enterprises in USSR and Russia.
Since its founding, the company has developed over 200 various aircraft designs, and put 120 into production. Production facilities have manufactured over 60,000 IL branded airplanes. They feature simple design, high reliability, long lifetime, ease of handling and low maintenance.
Ilyushin has built bomber, ground-attack aircraft, military airlifters and special-purpose aircraft. It has built airliner and cargo aircraft including (but not limited to) the following:
- Il-18 - turboprop airliner
- Il-62 - long-range jet airliner, world's largest airliner when first flew
- Il-76 - heavy cargo-carrying ramp aircraft
- Il-78 - four-engined aerial refueling tanker
- Il-86 - medium-range wide-body jet airliner
- Il-96 - long-haul widebody airliner developed from the Il-86
For more information, visit the website of Ilyushin.
The Ilyushin Il-62 is a Soviet-built, narrow body jetliner originally designed in 1960. It has a capacity of nearly 200 passengers and crew, making it the largest jet airliner when first flown in 1963. It was operated by the Soviet Union and thirty of its allied nations.
Its design with a T-shaped tail and four turbofan engines mounted in pairs on the rear of the fuselage is similar to the British VC-10.
A total of 292 were built between 1963 and 1995. It was succeeded by the Il-86 and Il-96.
Rada Airlines continues operation of the Il-62 in a cargo configuration (see photos below).
|llyushin IL62MGr, Registration EW-450TR, of Rada Airlines - March, 2021
(Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
The heavy cargo-carrying ramp aircraft, the llyushin-76TD, designed by the Soviet Union's Ilyushin design bureau, is one the most successful and popular aircraft in the history of air cargo transportation. It was first planned as a commercial freighter in 1967, as a replacement for the Antonov An-12.
It was designed to deliver heavy machinery to remote, poorly served areas. Military versions of the Il-76 have been widely used in Europe, Asia and Africa, including use as an aerial refueling tanker or command center. A popular variant is the Il-78 aerial refueling tanker.
Its characteristics include its cargo cabin size, carrying capacity, opportunity of autonomous loading without use of special airport equipment and the possibility of using the aircraft at airports with undeveloped infrastructure have remained its key competitive advantages for over 25 years.
llyushin-76 of Volga-Dnepr
With the active participation of Volga-Dnepr Group, a modernized version, the Ilyushin-76TD-90VD has been developed and built. The "90VD" designation indicates a plane with updates avionics, new réactor.
The aircraft has a tail loading entrance with expanding loading ramps. For loading of substandard cargo, the cabin is equipped with two electric winches of 3 tonnes traction each and 4 electric hoists with a pulling capacity up to 10 tons.
Volga-Dnepr has five modernized Ilyushin-76-TD-90-VD aircraft in its fleet. It also operates the Antonov An-124 International Cargo Transporter.
|llyushin-76TD-90VD, Registration RA-76511, of the Volga-Dnepr Group - 2016 (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
|llyushin-76TD-90VD, Registration RA-76503, of the Volga-Dnepr Group - 2016 (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
|Turkménistan llyushin-76TD, Registration EZ-F427 (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
|Yuzmashavia Ilyushin IL-76TD-90VD (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
|Silkway Ilyushin IL-76TD-90VD, Registration 4K-AZ101 (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
Aviacon Zitotrans llyushin-76
|Aviacon Zitrotrans Ilyushin IL-76TD, Registration RA-76502 (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
Other llyushin-76 Carriers
|Sky Georgia Ilyushin IL-76TD, Registration 3L-SKY (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
|Ruby Star Ilyushin IL-76TD, Registration EW-412TH (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
The Ilyushin Il-78 is a four-engined aerial refueling tanker based on the Il-76. The Il-78 has a total transferable fuel load of 85,720 kilograms (188,980 lb), which includes 28,000 kilograms (62,000 lb) from a pair of 18,230-litre (4,010 imp gal; 4,820 US gal) tanks in the freight hold.
The Il-78 transfers fuel solely through deployment of the probe-and-drogue refueling method.
It is used in the air forces of multiple countries, including Pakistan, Russia, Libya, China, Algeria and others.
|Ilyushin IL-78MP, R11-004 of the Pakistan Air Force (Photo by DELEHELLE Eric)
|Ilyushin IL-78MP, R11-003 of the Pakistan Air Force (Photos by DELEHELLE Eric)|